Reasonable Doubt in Criminal Law

Canadian law recognizes  different states of mind for decision-makers in various situations.  Police officers and others engaged in an investigation are authorized to act where they have “reasonable grounds to believe” an offence has been committed and a particular person may be guilty. In some situations, the standard is even lower. For example, a police […]

Top Ten Ways to be Reasonable in Estates (otherwise known as how to have your family get together for Christmas the year after you die)

As estate litigators, we see far too often what happens when reason gets thrown out the window and disputes – big and small – tear families apart.  Here are some practical tips that can be used to make an  estate plan as well as  tips for personal representatives to follow to try to avoid uncomfortable […]

Taxes? Reasonable?

Although many Canadians may disagree when reading various media reports or when filling out their own returns, the government and the Department of Finance generally consider our tax system to be reasonable.  The term “reasonable” shows up with surprising frequency in our tax legislation and jurisprudence. Is That Deduction Reasonable? The Income Tax Act (ITA) […]

Dozens of Legal Reasonables

The test is whether a reasonably informed bystander could reasonably perceive bias on the part of an adjudicator. Nicholson v. Haldimand-Norfolk Regional Police Commissioners, (Supreme Court of Canada, 1979, p. 325) http://canlii.ca/t/1mkvl Introduction If all the considerable bend in the Canadian legal system was to be reduced to one word, that single word would be […]

The Reasonable Person

Tort law is an umbrella field of law, which aims to correct injustices that have happened between individuals. The courts assess whether the victim, who is often the plaintiff, has been harmed by another person and if the victim is entitled to compensation for injuries suffered. Where the harm has occurred unintentionally or due to […]


A Publication of CPLEA